One of the key activities of the IPPC is establishing international standards for phytosanitary measures (ISPMs). The Commission on Phytosanitary Measures (CPM) is the governing body of the IPPC. It has adopted several ISPMs that provide guidance to contracting parties in meeting the aims and obligations of the Convention. The intention of ISPMs is to harmonize phytosanitary measures to facilitate international trade. ISPMs can cover a wide range of issues including surveillance, pest risk analysis, the establishment of pest-free areas, export certification, phytosanitary certificates, and pest reporting. The IPPC encourages the adoption of these standards, but they only come into force once contracting (members) and non-contracting parties establish requirements in national legislative instruments.
IPPC standards generally fall into three categories:
1) Reference standards, such as the Glossary of phytosanitary terms.
2) Conceptual standards, such as the Guidelines of pest risk analysis.
3) Specific standards, which are typically directed at a specific pest
These international standards:
- Protect sustainable agriculture and enhance global food security
- Protect the environment, forests and biodiversity
- Facilitate economic and trade development
Adopted Plant Health Standards (ISPMs) are available here https://www.ippc.int/en/core-activities/standards-setting/ispms/