Surveillance is a fundamental to the operations of national plant protection organizations (NPPO) under the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC). It involves looking for and recording the presence, absence and population levels of pests; and give the best chance of spotting a new pest before, or soon after it enters an area. Early detection of exotic pests improves the chance of eradication or containment within a country. However, if eradication or containment are not feasible, early detection, in conjunction with contingency planning and preparedness by government and industry bodies, assists with a more rapid and effective response.

The IPPC presents a guide to understanding the principal requirements of surveillance programmes for national plant protection organizations (NPPOs). This resource aims to provide information to support the surveillance activities that NPPOs need to undertake as part of national phytosanitary systems and as obligations under the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC).
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